The hydroponics is a type of growing plants mainly for food, materials, comfort, and beauty
The hydroponics is a method of growing plants, usually crops, without soil, by using mineral nutrient solutions in an aqueous solvent.
Static solution culture is the most basic technique and involves a plant with the roots growing into a nutrient solution with an air gap for oxygen.
If there is no gap for oxygen then you need to ariate then nutrient solution to keep the plant alive.
In static solution culture, plants are grown in containers of nutrient solution, such as glass Mason jars (typically, in-home applications), plastic buckets, tubs, or tanks.
The solution is usually gently aerated but may be un-aerated. If un-aerated, the solution level is kept low enough that enough roots are above the solution so they get adequate oxygen.
A hole is cut in the lid of the reservoir for each plant. There can be one to many plants per reservoir.
Reservoir size can be increased as plant size increases. A homemade system can be constructed from plastic food containers,
Or glass canning jars with aeration provided by an aquarium pump, aquarium airline tubing, and aquarium valves.
Clear containers are covered with aluminium foil, butcher paper, black plastic, or other material to exclude light, thus helping to eliminate the formation of algae.
The nutrient solution is changed either on a schedule, such as once per week, or when the concentration drops below a certain level as determined with an electrical conductivity meter.
Whenever the solution is depleted below a certain level, either water or fresh nutrient solution is added, A Mariotte’s bottle, or a float valve, can be used to automatically maintain the solution level.
In raft solution culture, plants are placed in a sheet of buoyant plastic that is floated on the surface of the nutrient solution.
That way, the solution level never drops below the roots.
More Details About Static Solution Culture Technique
Static solution culture is a method by which plants are full-grown in reservoirs filled with an artificially made nutrient solution.
Containers can be plastic buckets, mason jars, tanks, tubs, and so on. Containers are generally made out of plastic; however other materials can also be used.
If the solution is kept aerated, then it is kept at a low level so that the roots of the plant can get sufficient oxygen to breathe.
An opening is cut into the brim of the container for every plant to come out.
A single container can accommodate numerous plants, provided the container is large enough according to the growing size of the plant.
If this procedure is being carried on at home then the method can be carried on in plastic food buckets,
or glass cans with aeration supplied by a normal aquarium airline tube, an aquarium pump or an aquarium valve.
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Containers should be covered with butcher paper, thick black plastic, other aluminum foils, or any other material that can keep away light which can prevent the growth of algae.
This nutrient liquid is changed according to a schedule or once a week when its concentration level jumps down beyond a definite level which can be identified with an electrical conductivity indicator.
Each time the concentration falls down, either fresh nutrient liquid or water is again added.
Afloat valve or a Mariotte’s bottle can be used to repeatedly uphold the solution concentration level.
Raft solution system necessitates the plants to be placed on a sheet of floating plastic which is then floated on the surface of this nutrient liquid.
This way the solution point does not drop beyond the root level.
Hydroponic farming systems have always been considered as one of the most effective alternative to traditional mode of cultivation.
And the rapid increase of this method has brought in high yields from countries around the world.
This method allows the common crowd to adapt this technology in their homes or private properties.
A method like this always brings in higher advantages like the elimination of soil and the cost of water and nutrients.
A control method like this will always bring in more nutrition in plants and cause fewer health hazards caused by pesticides and other chemicals.