Hydroponics is a method of growing plants, usually crops, without soil, by using mineral nutrient solutions in an aqueous solvent.
Due to technological advancements within the industry and numerous economic factors, the global hydroponics market is forecast to grow from US$226.45 million in 2016 to US$724.87 million by 2023.
The hydroponic farming systems have become more popular and attracted attention a lot of planting lovers.
This type of farming has a lot of advantages like it does not need to a specific place to start it, also its small volume make easily to manage planting.
So, What Are the Advantages of Hydroponics Farming?
You can grow a hydroponic garden in your own home.
Hydroponic harvesting is easy. Gone are the days of having to stand in a field, swatting mosquitoes, and picking fruit or vegetables.
With a hydroponic garden, the crops are all gathered in one place, easily within your reach.
Hydroponic plants can be grown anywhere and at any time. This means that, in climates where the weather turns cold, the gardening does not have to stop.
You can avoid the hassle of mulching, tilling, and weeding your crops. Vegetative pests also do not exist within the hydroponics setup.
Traditional farmers spend a lot of time and money every year stopping invasive species of plants from “choking out” their crops.
Hydroponic crops are grown in a sterile environment. Therefore, they do not require pesticides.
Worms, bugs, birds, and other animals that often create crop damage do not exist within a properly clean hydroponic set up.
You will be able to skip the hassle of testing the soil before you plant. Because you will be growing your crops in water.
Even without the filtration system mentioned, hydroponic farming uses about twenty times less water than crops grown in soil or another substrate.
The water used to grow hydroponic crops is reusable.
No soils needed, you do not need to have soil to start farming. It is simple and effective.
Climate control, like in greenhouses, hydroponic growers can have total control over the climate – temperature, humidity, light intensification, the composition of the air.
Hydroponics is water-saving, plants grown hydroponically can use only 10% of water compared to field-grown ones. In this method, water is recirculated.
Effective use of nutrients, in Hydroponics, you have 100% control of the nutrients (foods) that plants need.
pH control of the solution, all of the minerals are contained in the water. That means you can measure and adjust the pH levels of your water mixture much more easily compared to the soils.
Better growth rate Plants are placed in ideal conditions, while nutrients are provided at sufficient amounts, and come into direct contact with the root systems.
Thereby, plants no longer waste valuable energy searching for diluted nutrients in the soil.
Hydroponics is a stress-relieving hobby, this interest will put you back in touch with nature.
Labor and time savers, besides spending fewer works on tilling, watering, cultivating, and fumigating weeds and pests, you enjoy much time saved because plants’ growth is proven to be higher in Hydroponics.
Less use of insecticide, and herbicides Since you are using no soils and while the weeds, pests, and plant diseases are heavily reduced, there are fewer chemicals used.
No weeds, weeds are mostly associated with the soil. So eliminate soils, and all bothers of weeds are gone.
What Are the Disadvantages of Hydroponics Farming?
A Hydroponic garden requires your time and commitment, plants will die out more quickly without proper care and adequate knowledge.
Experiences and technical knowledge, you are running a system of many types of equipment, which requires necessary specific expertise for the devices used.
What plants you can grow and how they can survive and thrive in a soilless environment.
Organic debates, there have been some heated arguments about whether Hydroponics should be certified as organic or not.
People are questioning whether plants grown hydroponically will get microbiomes as they are in the soil.
One of the negatives of hydroponic farming, diseases and pests may spread quickly.
Initial expenses, You are sure to spend under one hundred to a few hundreds of dollars to purchase equipment for your first installation.
Hydroponic farms are not cheap to set up.
There is a limited production to hydroponics. While you can grow year-round (and this may make up the difference) you are limited by the space you have available.
You must monitor a hydroponic garden almost constantly. Keeping the delicate balance of a hydroponic garden in check can be stressful for some,
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And most hydroponic farmers will have unsuccessful crops their first few tries until they get their own personal methods in check.
Because the water is filtered and cycled throughout the entire hydroponics system, if even one disease takes hold, it can kill an entire crop in a matter of hours.
Another risk of hydroponics farming is the danger of water- based microorganisms. Bacteria and fungi grow in water.
Hydroponic farms are vulnerable to power outages. Because most have water and light set on timers.
If the power goes out, and stays out longer than the backup generator can run, then the entire crop is at risk of being destroyed.
The hydroponic farming is like everything else, it has positives and negatives, cons and pros. But nobody can say that is hydroponic does not have a lot of benefits and improvements to gardening and farming.
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